1. What this product is and what it is used for
1. What Zetex is and what it is used for
Zetex is a medicine to lower increased levels of cholesterol. Zetex lowers levels of total cholesterol, "bad" cholesterol (LDL cholesterol), and fatty substances called triglycerides in the blood. In addition, Zetex raises levels of "good" cholesterol (HDL cholesterol).
Ezetimibe, the active ingredient of Zetex, works by reducing the cholesterol absorbed in your digestive tract. Zetex adds to the cholesterol-lowering effect of statins, a group of medicines that reduce the cholesterol your body makes by itself.
Cholesterol is one of several fatty substances found in the bloodstream. Your total cholesterol is made up mainly of LDL and HDL cholesterol. LDL cholesterol is
often called “bad” cholesterol because it can build up in the walls of your arteries forming plaque. Eventually this plaque build-up can lead to a narrowing of the
arteries. This narrowing can slow or block blood flow to vital organs such as the heart and brain. This blocking of blood flow can result in a heart attack or stroke.
HDL cholesterol is often called “good” cholesterol because it helps keep the bad cholesterol from building up in the arteries and protects against heart disease.
Triglycerides are another form of fat in your blood that may increase your risk for heart disease.
It is used for patients who cannot control their cholesterol levels by cholesterol lowering diet alone. You should stay on your cholesterol lowering diet while taking this medicine.
Zetex is used in addition to cholesterol lowering diet if you have:
- A raised cholesterol level in your blood (primary hypercholesterolaemia [heterozygous familial and non-familial]). Together with a statin, when your cholesterol
level is not well controlled with a statin alone. Alone, when statin treatment is inappropriate or is not tolerated.
- A hereditary illness (homozygous familial hypercholesterolaemia) that increases the cholesterol level in your blood. You will also be prescribed a statin and may
also receive other treatments.
- A hereditary illness (homozygous sitosterolaemia, also known as phytosterolaemia) that increases the levels of plant sterols in your blood.
If you have heart disease, Zetex combined with cholesterol-lowering medicines called statins reduces the risk of heart attack, stroke, surgery to increase heart blood flow, or hospitalisation for chest pain.
Zetex does not help you lose weight.
2. What you need to know before you use this product
2. Before you take Zetex
If you use Zetex together with a statin, please read the package leaflet of that particular medicine.
Do not take Zetex if:
- You are allergic (hypersensitive) to ezetimibe or any of the other ingredients of Zetex Tablets.
Do not take Zetex together with a statin if:
- You currently have liver problems.
- You are pregnant or breast-feeding.
Warnings and precautions
Take special care with Zetex
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Zetex.
- Tell your doctor about all your medical conditions including allergies.
- Your doctor should do a blood test before you start taking Zetex with a statin.This is to check how well your liver is working.
- Your doctor may also want you to have blood tests to check how well your liver is working after you start taking Zetex with a statin.
If you have moderate or severe liver problems, Zetex is not recommended.
The safety and efficacy of the combined use of Zetex and certain cholesterol lowering medicines, the fibrates have not been established.
Children and adolescents
Do not give this medicine to children and adolescents (6 to 17 years of age) unless prescribed by a specialist because there are limited data on safety and efficacy.
Do not give this medicine to children less than 6 years old because there is no information in this age group.
Taking other medicines
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking or have recently taken might take any other medicines any other medicines including those obtained without
a prescription. In particular, tell your doctor if you are taking medicine(s) with any of the following active ingredients:
- Ciclosporin (often used in organ transplant patients). Medicines to prevent blood clots, such as warfarin, phenprocoumon, acenocoumarol or fluindione (anticoagulants).
- Colestyramine (also used to lower cholesterol), because it affects the way Zetex works.
- Fibrates (also used to lower cholesterol).
Pregnancy and breast-feeding
Do not take Zetex with a statin if you are pregnant, are trying to get pregnant or think you may be pregnant. If you get pregnant while taking Zetex with a statin,
stop taking both medicines immediately and tell your doctor. There is no experience from the use of Zetex without a statin during pregnancy. Ask your doctor for
advice before using Zetex if you are pregnant. Do not take Zetex with a statin if you are breast-feeding, because it is not known if the medicines are passed into
breast milk. Zetex without a statin should not be used if you are breast-feeding. Ask your doctor for advice.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist for advice before taking any medicine.
Driving and using machines
Zetex is not expected to interfere with your ability to drive or to use machinery. However, it should be taken into account that some people may get dizzy after
3. How to use this product.
3. How to take Zetex
Always take Zetex exactly as your doctor has told you. Continue taking your other cholesterol-lowering medicines unless your doctor tells you to stop. You should check with your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure.
- Before starting Zetex, you should be on a diet to lower your cholesterol.
- You should keep on this cholesterol lowering diet whilst taking Zetex.
The recommended dose is one Zetex 10 mg Tablet by mouth once a day.
Take Zetex at any time of the day. You can take it with or without food.
If your doctor has prescribed Zetex along with a statin, both medicines can be taken at the same time. In this case, please read the dosage instructions in the package leaflet of that particular medicine.
If your doctor has prescribed Zetex along with another medicine for lowering cholesterol containing the active ingredient colestyramine or any other medicine
containing bile acid sequestrant, you should take Zetex at least 2 hours before or 4 hours after taking the bile acid sequestrant.
If you take more Zetex than you should
Please contact your doctor or pharmacist.
If you forget to take Zetex
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten tablet, just take your normal amount of Zetex at the usual time the next day.
If you stop taking Zetex
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist because your cholesterol may rise again.
If you have any further questions on the use of this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
4. Possible side effects
4. Possible side effects
Like all medicines, Zetex can cause side effects, although not everybody gets them.
The following terms are used to describe how often side effects have been reported:
- Very common (may affect more than 1 of 10 patients).
- Common (may affect up to 1 of 10 patients).
- Uncommon (may affect up to 1 of 100 patients).
- Rare (may affect up to 1 of 1,000 patients)
- Very rare (may affect up to 1 of 10,000 patients, including isolated reports).
Contact your doctor immediately if you experience unexplained muscle pain, tenderness, or weakness. This is because on rare occasions, muscle problems,
including muscle breakdown resulting in kidney damage, can be serious and may become a potentially life-threatening condition.
Allergic reactions, including swelling of the face, lips, tongue, and/or throat that may cause difficulty in breathing or swallowing (which requires treatment right away) have been reported in general use.
When used alone, the following side effects were reported:
Common: abdominal pain; diarrhoea; flatulence; feeling tired.
Uncommon: elevations in some laboratory blood tests of liver (transaminases) or muscle (CK) function; cough; indigestion; heartburn; nausea; joint pain; muscle
spasms; neck pain; decreased appetite; pain; chest pain; hot flush; high blood pressure.
Additionally, when used with a statin, the following side effects were reported:
Common: elevations in some laboratory blood tests of liver function (transaminases); headache; muscle pain; tenderness or weakness.
Uncommon: tingling sensation; dry mouth; itching; rash; hives; back pain; muscle weakness, pain in arms and legs; unusual tiredness or weakness; swelling,
especially in the hands and feet. When used with fenofibrate, the following common side effect was reported: abdominal pain.
Additionally, the following side effects have been reported in general use:
dizziness; muscle aches; liver problems; allergic reactions including rash and hives; raised red rash, sometimes with target shaped lesions; muscle pain, tenderness
or weakness; muscle breakdown; gallstones or inflammation of the gallbladder (which may cause abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting); inflammation of the pancreas
often with severe abdominal pain; constipation; reduction in blood cell counts, which may cause bruising/bleeding (thrombocytopaenia); tingling sensation;
depression; unusual tiredness or weakness; shortness of breath.
If any of the side effects gets serious, or if you notice any side effects not listed in this leaflet, please tell your doctor or pharmacist.
5. How to store this product
5. How to store Zetex
Keep out of reach of children.
Store below 30°C.
Do not use beyond the expiry date or if the product shows any sign of deterioration.
Do not throw away any medicines via wastewater or household waste.
Ask your pharmacist how to throw away the medicines you no longer use.
These measures will help to protect the environment.