What Risperidone is used for:
Risperidone is used to treat the following:
Mania, where you may feel very excited, elated, agitated, enthusiastic or hyperactive
Short-term treatment of long-term aggression in people with Alzheimer’s dementia
Short-term treatment (up to 6 weeks) of long-term aggression in intellectually disabled children (at least 5 years of age) and adolescents with conduct disorder.
Do not take Risperidone:
If you are allergic to Risperidone or any of the other ingredients of this medicine.
Warnings & Precautions:
Talk to your doctor or pharmacist before taking Risperidone if:
You have a heart problem, kidney problems or liver problems
You have high blood pressure, cardiovascular disorder or blood vessel problems in the brain
You have ever experienced involuntary movements of the tongue, mouth and face
You have ever had a condition whose symptoms include high temperature, muscle stiffness, sweating or a lowered level of consciousness
You have Parkinson’s disease or dementia, epilepsy
You are diabetic or a man and you have ever had a prolonged or painful erection
You have an abnormally high level of the hormone prolactin in your blood
You or someone else in your family has a history of blood clots
Possible Side Effects:
These include difficulty falling or staying asleep, parkinsonism, feeling sleepy, or less alert, headache, pneumonia, infection of the chest (bronchitis),
common cold symptoms, sinus infection, urinary tract infection, ear infection, feeling like you have the flu, raised levels of a hormone called "prolactin" found in a blood test, weight gain, increased appetite, decreased appetite, sleep disorder, irritability, depression,
anxiety, restlessness, dystonia, dizziness, dyskinesia, tremor (shaking), blurry vision, eye infection or "pink eye", rapid heart rate, high blood pressure, shortness of breath, sore throat, cough, nose bleeds, stuffy nose, abdominal pain, abdominal discomfort, vomiting, nausea, constipation, diarrhea, indigestion, dry mouth, toothache, rash, skin redness, muscle spasms, bone or muscle ache, back pain, joint pain, incontinence (lack of control) of urine, swelling of the body, arms or legs, fever, chest pain, weakness, fatigue (tiredness), pain, fall.
Other medicines and Risperidone:
Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking:
Medicines that work on your brain such as to help you calm down (benzodiazepines) or some medicines for pain (opiates), medicines for allergy (some antihistamines)
Medicines that may change the electrical activity of your heart, such as medicines for malaria, heart rhythm problems, allergies (antihistamines), some antidepressants
Medicines that cause a slow heart beat
Medicines that cause low blood potassium (such as certain diuretics)
Medicines to treat raised blood pressure. Risperidone can lower blood pressure
Medicines for Parkinson's disease (such as levodopa)
Medicines that increase the activity of the central nervous system (psychostimulants, such as methylphenidate)
Water tablets (diuretics) used for heart problems or swelling of parts of your body.
How to take Risperidone:
For the treatment of schizophrenia
Adults: The usual starting dose is 2 mg per day, this may be increased to 4 mg per day on the second day.
Your dose may then be adjusted by your doctor depending on how you respond to the treatment.
Most people feel better with daily doses of 4 to 6 mg
This total daily dose can be divided into either one or two doses a day.
Your doctor will tell you which is the best for you.
Elderly people: Your starting dose will normally be 0.5 mg twice a day
Your dose may then be gradually increased by your doctor to 1 mg to 2 mg twice a day.
For the treatment of mania
Adults: Your starting dose will usually be 2 mg once a day.
Your dose may then be gradually adjusted by your doctor depending on how you respond to the treatment.
Most people feel better with doses of 1 to 6 mg once a day.
Elderly people: Your starting dose will usually be 0.5 mg twice a day.
Your dose may then be gradually adjusted by your doctor to 1 mg to 2 mg twice a day depending on how much you respond to the treatment.
For the treatment of long-standing aggression in people with Alzheimer’s dementia
Adults (including elderly people): Your starting dose will normally be 0.25 mg (0.25 ml of Risperidone oral solution 1 mg/ml) twice a day. Your dose may then be gradually adjusted by your doctor depending on how you respond to the treatment.
Most people feel better with 0.5 mg twice a day. Some patients may need 1 mg twice a day.
Treatment duration in patients with Alzheimer’s dementia should be not more than 6 weeks.
Use in children and adolescents: Children and adolescents under 18 years old should not be treated with Risperidone for schizophrenia or mania.
For the treatment of conduct disorder
For children who weigh less than 50 kg: The starting dose will normally be 0.25 mg (0.25 ml of Risperidone oral solution 1 mg/ml) once a day.
The dose may be increased every other day in steps of 0.25 mg per day.
The usual maintenance dose is 0.25 mg to 0.75 mg (0.25 ml to 0.75 ml of Risperidone oral solution 1 mg/ml) once a day.
For children who weigh 50 kg or more: The starting dose will normally be 0.5 mg once a day.
The dose may be increased every other day in steps of 0.5 mg per day.
The usual maintenance dose is 0.5 mg to 1.5 mg once a day.
How to store Risperidone:
Keep this medicine out of the sight and reach of children.
Do not use this medicine after the expiry date which is stated on the blister, carton, or bottle.
Do not store above 30°C.